What is Competitive Exclusion
What is Competitive Exclusion – The concept of reducing pathogens in a natural way is not particularly new, but the ability to perform the task has only recently been possible. The natural way to reduce pathogens is to “competitively exclude” them from the vital elements they require to grow and multiply. This requires a vibrant community of non-pathogenic
Research has basically determined the minimal amount of bacteria needed for competitive exclusion to become viable is approximately 100,000,000,000 bacteria/ml. This is the concentration of Waste Control, Cycle and Turtle Clean. This high concentration is unequalled by any other product on the market, so no one else has ever been able to consider the benefits of competitive exclusion before.
The idea is that a proper bacterial population must be generated over time, any of these products will not work immediately after the first application, rather the concept is to use the bacterial preparation on a weekly basis, regularly innoculating the aquarium with the correct bacteria and gradually creating those to be the dominant ones in the aquarium since they are being added week after week. When the populations become dominant, then the concept of competitive exclusion becomes viable. Since, with the regular inoculations, the “beneficial” bacteria are the most populous, they are the ones most likely to capture the needed elements first and deny them to interlopers like pathogens.
You must understand that this concept is very new in the hobby, and it is truly revolutionary. In addition, it takes time to establish the proper concentrations of beneficial bacteria in the aquarium. Until that occurs the aquarium will be better for the additions, but it will not be fortified against pathogens. The main idea here is that it takes time for the product to reach the right bacterial concentrations, and overdosing will not do a whole lot to speed things up, at least in a meaningful way, since excessive addition may simply mean the extra bacteria will not be able to locate properly. As time goes by the innoculation will overpower other non-innoculated populations and gradually displace them, making room where previously there wasn’t any.
The same thing goes for the instant visiblity of the product doing its primary job. In a dirty aquarium it takes time for the bacterial innoculation to establish a strong foothold and begin to get a handle on the sludge production. After the strains are established, they will begin to eliminate sludge and particulate wastes, but it takes some time to get up to speed. It may take a number of innoculations before the sludge production is matched by the bacterial elimination, then the long job of eliminating the previously deposited wastes can begin in earnest. Once again this is a function of regular innoculations slowly building and maintaining the bacterial population of the correct colonies and slowly overpowering less desirable species. I hope you can see how important it is to use the product regularly, on a weekly basis to create the successful conditions we are seeking. The fact that we generate the high populations required for competive exclusion of pathogens is really an added benefit of the concentration, it was not the original goal.
This is not a magic potion, a one shot kill that eliminates wastes and dirt in one fell swoop, rather this is capitalizing on biological processes that need time to establish and operate. In addition, the constant maintenance of the proper bacterial strains in the cut throat world of bacterial predation is absolutely neccessary to ensure the proper strains win the fight and are continually biased in favor of dominance.