Danios are related to Barbs, they are slim bodied, hardy, active fish that live in fast flowing waters. They are the perfect choice for the community aquarium, an ideal starter fish, since they won’t eat the plants or outgrow the tank.
Danios have upturned mouths that would suggest that they are surface feeders, although in an aquarium they will feed at any level that is convenient. Danios are shoaling fish and good breeders but like Barbs will eat their own eggs.
Cichlids vary enormously in color, sizes and shapes. They display various methods of reproduction: Some hide their eggs, others deposit them on open sites and a third group relies on the female to incubate the eggs in her mouth. As a group they show a great deal of parental care. African Lake species need rocky caves, algae covered outcrops and hard water, whilst the South American species like well planted tanks and soft water.
Catfish are a fascinating group of bottom- feeding fish that add color and movement to the lower part of the tank. Many of the species are nocturnal and some even prefer to swim upside down! These fish have diverse shapes and come from many different water conditions. They are adaptable and hardy making them ideal aquarium subjects. African and Asian catfishes provide all the range a keen aquarist would need.
Loaches forage in the aquarium substrate, feeding on leftover food. Their mouths are under slung and surrounded by sensitive barbells that help them find food by taste and touch. Loaches like plenty of places to hide, are nocturnal and on the whole peaceful.
Their body shapes vary from flat-bottomed to threadlike; some are also sensitive to barometric pressure and become very erratic preceding a storm.
Guppies are a popular busy fish, ideal for the community tank. Being livebearers they are easy to keep and the perfect beginner’s fish.
They used to be called Millions fish, originating from Central America, Trinidad and northern South America. It is best to avoid keeping fish which are prone to nipping their beautiful flowing tails, since this results in them becoming vulnerable to disease.
Mollies are a captivating, busy fish that occupy the middle to upper layers of the aquarium. They are easy to breed and if acclimatized slowly, can live in either fresh or saltwater.
Precautions should be taken with fin nippers such as Barbs in the same tank; otherwise they will become prone to disease. They prefer a well planted tank with plenty of strong plants and a good filtration system due to their large appetites.
Freshwater Sharks, apart from the obvious likeness, have no other similarities with saltwater sharks. These fish prefer a well planted aquarium that has plenty of places to hide. Freshwater Sharks, due to their inquisitive nature, make a superb addition to the semi-aggressive aquarium.
Rasboras come from Asia, their size range from the very small to the relatively large. They are active and peaceful with attractive colorful markings; making them excellent community aquarium fish. Rasboras swim at all levels and are easy to feed. They are egg scatterers, so it is advisable to keep them in a well planted display.
Rainbowfish have a unique body shape and introduce an unusual metallic color to any display. They have large mouths but their throats tend to be narrow so care should be taken to feed small food. The males are brightly colored and they make perfect community fish, due to their easygoing nature and busy lifestyle. It is advisable to keep them in small shoals to make them feel safe. .
Barbs name derives from the barbells around their mouth, these help them find food on the aquarium substrate. They are an active and colorful group of fish .Barbs will feed at all levels ,grinding up their food by using pharyngeal ‘teeth’ in the throat, they don’t have teeth in the mouth.
They are accustomed to relatively still waters and are content with the aquarium environment. Barbs are egg scattering fish and unfortunately will eat their own eggs.
The body shape of the freshwater angelfish is quite unique and has become a firm favorite of the aquarium. They originate from the Amazon River and look mesmerizing when kept in a shoal. Angelfish are graceful swimmers and are known for their devoted parental care during breeding: Both the male and female guard and fan the eggs, which they lay on stems and leaves.
Angelfish can pick off smaller fish so it is best that they are kept with calm community fish, other than tetras, that are more than 3cm long.
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